River Network’s State Policy Hub
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The State Policy Hub currently highlights policies, resolutions, and plans related to drinking water focus areas: Access, Affordability, Lead, PFAS, Regionalization & Consolidation, and Water Data Access & Availability. Drinking water is just the beginning! We plan to continue expanding the scope of the state policy hub to include other topics such as climate adaptation, flooding, and agriculture.
In the Hub you’ll find:
- Overviews of each major topic: check out the buttons above and to the right
- Snapshots of exemplary policies by state: click the state names in the Policy Database at the bottom of this page
- Deep dives highlighting advocacy strategies, victories, and specific policy language: look for the state icons below and throughout the Hub
- Relevant lessons from network leaders: see the buttons below
We invite you to search the Hub by focus area, state, and/or relevant keywords.
Select a state icon below to go deeper into specific advocacy strategies, victories, and specific policy language.
Lessons from the Network
Click the buttons below to read full-length interviews with the water leaders behind some of the exemplary policies featured in the State Policy Hub.
Additional State Policy Compendiums & Resources
In addition to River Network’s State Policy Hub, explore these syntheses of state water policy that we’ve found informative and useful:
- Alliance for Water Efficiency, Water Efficiency and State Scorecard: An Assessment of Laws and Policies
- NRDC, Cutting Our Losses – State Water Loss Policy
- Surfider Foundation, U.S. Plastics Policy Map (state and local policies)
- Stanford University Center for Water in the West, Environmental Water Rights Transfers: A Review of State Laws
- River Network, Protecting and Restoring Flows in Our Southeastern States: A Synthesis of State Policies for Water Security and Sustainability
- River Network, State Policy Showcases
- US Water Alliance, Recovering Stronger Knowledge Map
- National Caucus of Environmental Legislators, Policy Library
- National Conference of State Legislators (NCSL), Environmental Health State Bill Tracking Database
|State||Policy Name||Date||Action Agency(ies)||Policy Focus||Description||Link||Supporting Advocates, Orgs & Leaders||Additional Resources|
|Alaska||HB 209 Water and Sewer Advisory Committee||2016-07-28||Legislative Committee (Bush Caucus)||Safety, Access||Created the Alaska Water |
and Sewer Advisory Committee in the legislative branch to develop a report related to safe and sustainable water and sewer systems to all rural areas of the state.
|AK HB 209|
|Arizona||Small Drinking Water Systems Fund Act No. 213 (HB 2049)||2017-04-28||Water Infrastructure Funding Authority (WIFA)||Safety, Infrastructure||Expanded grant eligibility to help small public water systems in need of water quality upgrades and infrastructure repairs.||AZ HB 2049||Press Release: Struggling Small Water Systems Get Financial Boost|
|Arizona||Water Improvements Program (AZ SB 1459)||2016-05-12||County Board of Supervisors||Affordability, Access||Authorized the County Board of Supervisors to establish water improvement programs that may be funded through private gifts or grants to help low-income and fixed income residents deepen existing drinking water wells or improve plumbing.||AZ SB 1459|
|California||Human Right to Water, Water Code Section 106.3 (AB 685)||2012-09-25||All relevant state agencies, including Department of Water Resources, State Water Resources Control Board, and the State Department of Public Health||Access, Safety, Cleanliness, Affordability||Updated the Water Code of California, asserting that every human has a right to clean, safe, affordable, and accessible water.||CA AB 685||Leadership Counsel for Justice and Accountability, Clean Water Action, Community Water Center|
|California||Senate Bill 88||2015-06-24||State Water Resources Control Board||Safety, Infrastructure, Access (Consolidation)||Authorized the State Water Resources Control Board to incentivize and mandate consolidation of failing water systems.||CA SB 88|
|California||Low-Income Water Rate Assistance Act (AB 401)||2015-10-09||Water Quality Control Board||Affordability, Funding||Required the Water Quality Control Board to develop a Low-Income Water Rate Assistance Program plan by 2018.||CA AB 401|
|California||Senate Bill 552||2016-09-28||State Water Resources Control Board||Access (consolidation), Safety||Gave authority to the state board to extend water service to areas that lack safe drinking water as an interim extension of service prior to consolidation.||CA SB 552|
|California||Water Shutoff Protection Act (SB 998)||2018-09-28||Urban and Community Water Systems implements.||Affordability, Water Shutoffs, Access||Improved transparency in the process and timeline of informing customers of delinquent water bills and possibility of shutoffs, and blocks shutoffs from occurring if customers demonstrate that they are financially unable to pay or have a health condition that would be worsened by lack of water.||CA SB 998|
|California||Senate Bill 72||2019-02-13||State Water Resources Control Board||Safety, Quality (lead testing in schools), Funding||Provided 5 million dollars to test for and remediate lead exposure in childcare centers.||CA SB 72|
|California||Safe and Affordable Drinking Water (SADW) Fund: Safe and Affordable Funding for Equity and Resilience (SAFER) Program (SB 200)||2019-07-24||State Water Resources Control Board, State Treasury||Funding for small systems||Established the Safe and Affordable Drinking Water Fund. Provides up to $130 million for the next 10 years to help water systems provide safe and affordable drinking water.||CA SB 200||Community Water Center|
|California||Assembly Bill 508||2019-09-27||State Water Resources Control Board||Safety, Access (consolidation), Quality||Requires the State Water Resources Control Board to inform the public of consolidation processes (physical or operational). Disadvantaged communities who rely on failing domestic wells can petition for consolidation to the state board. The bill provides clear timelines for the consolidation process.||CA AB 508||Community Water Center|
|California||Executive Order N-10-19||2019-04-29||The California Natural Resources Agency, the California Environmental|
Protection Agency, the California Department of Food and Agriculture, in
consultation with the Department of Finance
|Safety, Access, Quality, Affordability, Infrastructure||Directed applicable agencies to develop a Water Resilience Portfolio for the 21st century.||CA EO N-10-19||Governor Newsom|
|California||California's Water Resilience Portfolio 2020||2020-07-01||The California Natural Resources Agency, the California Environmental|
Protection Agency, the California Department of Food and Agriculture, in
consultation with the Department of Finance
|Safety, Access, Quality, Affordability, Infrastructure||Developed in response to Executive Order N-10-19. h. Goals and actions are|
organized in four categories:
1. Maintain and diversify water supplies,
2. Protect and enhance natural ecosystems,
3. Build connections by improving
physical infrastructure to store, move, and share water,
4. Regional preparation for new
threats, including flashier floods, deeper droughts, and hotter temperatures.
|CA Water Resilience Portfolio pdf|
|California||The Open and Transparent Data Act (AB No. 1755)||2016-09-23||The California Department of Water Resources, the California Water Quality Monitoring Council, the State Water Resources Control Board, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife||Data Access and Transparency||The Open and Transparent Water Data Act, or Assembly Bill 1775, requires that the Department of Water Resources (DWR) “in consultation with the California Water Quality Monitoring Council, the state board, and the Department of Fish and Wildlife, in accordance with a specified schedule, to create, operate, and maintain a statewide integrated water data platform that, among other things, would integrate existing water and ecological data information from multiple databases and provide data on completed water transfers and exchanges.”||CA AB 1755|
|Colorado||Safe Water in Schools Act (HB 1306)||2017-06-08||Department of Public Health and Environment||Safety, Lead||Established a grant program to test for lead in drinking water in public schools, with primary focus on elementary schools.||CO HB 1306|
|Colorado||Senate Bill 20-218||2020-06-29||Department of Public Health and Environment||Quality, Safety, PFAS||Created a funding mechanism through charging per truckload of fuel products within the state to address PFAS contamination through a grant program, takeback program, and providing technical assistance.||CO SB 20-218|
|Colorado||House Bill 20-1119||2020-06-29||Solid and Hazardous Waste Commission, Department of Public Health and Environment||Safety, PFAS||Bans the use of class B firefighting foams that contain PFAS in come aircraft hangars, requires the Solid and Hazardous Waste Commission to promulgate rules to register facilities that use and store PFAS.||CO HB 1119||"Colorado enacts forever chemical cleanup as federal action falls short"|
|Connecticut||Senate Bill 837 (Public Act No. 21-191)||2021-07-13 (signed)||Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection||Safety, PFAS||Prohibits the use of class B firefighting foam that contains an intentionally added perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substance.||CT SB 837||Clean Water Action||Clean Water Action Press Release
ECOS PFAS Information
|Connecticut||Executive Order 66||2018-06-14||Water Planning Council (Public Utilities Regulatory Authority, Office of Policy and Management, and Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, and the Department of Public Health)||Quality, Access, Infrastructure||Outlines the Water Planning Council’s ability to implement the State Water Plan to manage water resources, identifies water as a public trust.||CT EO 66||Governor Malloy|
|Connecticut||Water Pollution Control Authorities (Substitute HB No. 5509/Act No. 18-174)||2018-06-14||Public Utilities Regulatory Authority||Access, Water Shutoffs||Protects against foreclosures by private water companies of certain populations due to past due sewer fees and lowers the interest rate charged on delinquent assessments.||CT HB 5509|
|Delaware||HB 200 (Clean Water for Delaware Act)||2021-07-22||Clean Water Trust Oversight Committee, Water Infrastructure Advisory Council, (WIAC), the county Conservation Districts’, experts in the effected Cabinet agencies||Quality, Infrastructure, Safety||Amends the Delaware code to designate a Delaware Clean Water Trust account to ensure the greatest environmental return on investment through the management and coordination of financial resources available to the State for drinking water, wastewater, drainage, stormwater, and other eligible clean water projects.||DE HB 200||Delaware Nature Society, Clean Water Delaware, Representative Longhurst||"Clean Water for Delaware Act Back in 2021"|
|Hawaii||Hawaii Constitution Article 11 Section 9 Environmental Rights||1978-11-07||The State||Access, Quality||"Each person has the right to a clean and healthful environment, as defined by laws relating to environmental quality, including control of pollution and conservation, protection and enhancement of natural resources. Any person may enforce this right against any party..."||HI Constitutional Environmental Rights|
|Hawaii||Constitutional Green Amendment (SB 502)||2021 ("enrolled" at end of session, will go to ballot)||Green Amendment, Quality, Access||Adds environmental rights to the state constitution, including "pure water, clean air and healthy ecosystems."||HI Constitutional Green Amendment|
|Illinois||Water and Sewer Financial Assistance Act (HB 0414)||2021-08-06||Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity||Affordability, Access||Established a low-income water and sewer assistance payment program housed in the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, prioritizing low-income households with the highest water burden, as well as those over 60, with additional priority to households with children and people with disabilities. The Act created the Water and Sewer Low-income Assistance Fund in the State Treasury. The Fund may receive donations from individuals, corporations and the federal government, but is primarily funded through a charge imposed on customers by participating water and sewer providers.||IL HB 0414|
|Illinois||Lead Service Line Replacement and Notification Act (HB 3739)||2022-01-01||Illinois Environmental Protection Agency|
-Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity -Illinois Commerce Commission
|Safety, Lead Service Lines, Infrastructure||The Act bans partial lead service line replacement, creates a timeline for when all lead service lines will be replaced by, develops a progressive fund to allocate money for infrastructure projects. Funding will come from billed water usage based on census tract median household income, prioritizing the removal of LSLs in low-income communities where LSLs are most prevalent.||IL HB 3739||Illinois Environmental Council, Metropolitan Planning Council, Elevate, Natural Resources Defense Council, Little Village Environmental Justice Organization, Illinois Action for Children, Metropolitan Tenants Organization, League of Women Voters, Illinois Pipe Trades Association, Environmental Law & Policy Center, Sierra Club Illinois Chapter, and Faith in Place Action Fund.||IEC press release: "General Assembly approves bill that will eliminate toxic lead service lines"
MPC: "Lead service line replacement and notification act passes legislature"
|Illinois||Clean Water Workforce Pipeline Program (SB 2146, Act No. 576)||2019-08-23||Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, with coordination from Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Illinois Finance Authority, and "other State agencies that provide financial support for water infrastructure projects."||Infrastructure, Quality, Workforce Training||This Act created a program with funding specifically focused on training marginalized/disadvantaged residents to enable them to contribute to clean water infrastructure projects in the state.||IL SB 2146||Representative Justin Slaughter, Senator Ram Villivalum, Sierra Club Illinois Chapter, Illinois Environmental Council,|
Faith in Place Action Fund, Laborers’ International Union of North America-Midwest Region, Illinois Pipe Trades Association, International Union Of Operating Engineers Local 150, Chicago Laborers District Council LMCC
|"Coalition seeks 1 billion for water infrastructure program"
"General Assembly sends water jobs infrastructure bill to Governor's desk"
|Illinois||Senate Bill 550||2017-01-17||Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, school districts, community water systems||Safety, Quality, Lead Testing in Schools||Amended the Illinois Municipal Code to establish a lead hazard cost recovery fee to water customers that utilities are allowed to impose to cover costs for lead remediation. Also requires testing for lead in schools and notification sent to parents if over 5 ppb. Requires the owners|
and operators of community water systems to create a comprehensive lead service line inventory.
|IL SB 550|
|Illinois||Illinois Constitution, Article 11, Section 2||Legislative responsibility||Access, Quality, Environmental Rights||"Each person has the right to a healthful environment. Each person may enforce this right against any party, governmental or private, through appropriate legal proceedings subject to reasonable limitation and regulation as the General Assembly may provide by law."||IL Constitutional Environmental Rights||National Law Review article on Green Amendments|
|Kentucky||SB 409||2000-04-26||Kentucky Infrastructure Authority (KIA)||Infrastructure (consolidation), Quality, Safety||Created county 2020 water management planning councils, who made long term water supply plans. Funding required to assist in making potable water available to all Kentuckians by 2020. KIA established an incentive program that allocates funds from the 2020 water service account to encourage the regionalization, merger, and|
consolidation of water systems and elimination of structural and administrative duplication.
|KY SB 409|
|Maine||Resolve, To Protect Consumers of Public Drinking Water by Establishing Maximum Contaminant Levels for Certain Substances and Contaminants (S.P. 64-L.D. 129)||2021-06-21||Department of Health and Human Services||Safety, PFAS||Requires water systems to monitor for PFAS contaminants, if found at 20 nanograms per liter, quarterly monitoring is required until mitigated. The DHHS will require water systems to inform the public and develop mitigation measures. On or before June 1, 2024, the department shall file a final rule with the Secretary of State regarding the regulation of regulated PFAS contaminants, establishing Maximum Contaminant Levels. Interim MCL of 20 parts per trillion went into effect.||ME LD 129||Alliance for a Clean and Healthy Maine, Defend Our Health||"Health advocates pushing for tougher limits on forever chemicals"
ECOS PFAS information
|Maryland||Water Taxpayer Protection Act of 2019 (SB 96)||2019-04-30||City of Baltimore||Access, Affordability||Limits the collector of the city of Baltimore from putting a lien on a place of worship or residential property if the only debt owed is from water and sewer charges,||MD SB 96|
|Massachusetts||Massachusetts Constitution, Part the First, Art. XCVII.||1972||The General Court||Access, Safety, Environmental Rights||Environmental rights section of constitution states that people have the right to clean air and water, among other environmental protections.||MA Constitutional Environmental Rights||Article 97 of Massachusetts Constitution|
|Michigan||Lead and Copper Rule (revised)||2018-06-01||EGLE||Safety, Quality||Lead action level will change from 15 to 12 parts per billion in 2025. Improved the sampling protocol for lead and copper tap sampling, and created a timeline for comprehensive, updated inventories of service lines and distribution system components. Prohibits partial lead service line replacements and requires all LSLs to be replaced within 20 years.||MI Lead and Copper Rule||National Coalition for Legislation on Affordable Water, Flint Rising, Michigan League of Conservation Voters, Great Lakes Environmental Law Center, People's Water Board Coalition, Natural Resources Defense Council||GLELC blog post on revised LCR claim in Michigan court|
|Michigan||Executive Order 2019-3 Department of Environmental Quality Michigan PFAS Action Response Team||2019-02-04||Department of Environmental Quality||Quality, Safety||Established the MPART as a permanent body to address the threat of PFAS contamination in Michigan, protect public health, and facilitate inter-agency coordination, and clear standards to ensure accountability.||MI EO 2019-3||Governor Whitmer||MPART website|
|Michigan||MI Clean Water Plan||2020-10-01||EGLE||Infrastructure, Funding, Safety, Quality||The plan includes funding for a Lead Service Line Replacement in Disadvantaged Communities Program - $102 million |
and Lead and Copper Drinking Water Asset Management Grants - $37.5 million, Clean Water Infrastructure Grants (eliminating sanitary sewer overflows; correcting combined sewer overflows; increasing green infrastructure) - $235 million, among other allocations.
|MI Clean Water Plan||Governor Whitmer|
|Michigan||PFAS Drinking Water Standards Ruleset||2020-07-22||EGLE||Quality, Safety||Adopted a ruleset limiting seven PFAS chemicals in drinking water and are more stringent than current US EPA guidance on the chemicals.||MI PFAS Drinking Water Standards Ruleset||The Ecology Center|
|Minnesota||Clean Water Legacy Act (SF 762)||2006-06-01||Pollution Control Agency, Clean Water Council||Quality, Funding||Created the Clean Water Fund, which comes from the sales tax revenue of the Legacy amendment. The fund will help maintain water quality, improve waters that are impaired, and restore degraded groundwater. Distribution of funds include grants, loans, and technical assistance. Project priorities will be identified by a Clean Water Council||MN SF 762||MN Clean Water Fund|
|Minnesota||HF 1 (water infrastructure bond bill)||2020-10-21||Minnesota Public Facilities Authority (a multi-agency authority providing financing and technical assistance to local governments for infrastructure projects)||Infrastructure, Funding, Safety, Quality||Increased the lending capacity of the Clean Water and Drinking Water revolving funds, providing funding for safe drinking water infrastructure upgrades and repairs as well as flood control and pollution protection.||MN Water Infrastructure Bond Bill||Fix the Pipes Alliance||Press release: "2020 bonding bill approved"|
|Montana||Constitution of the State of Montana, Article 2, Part 2, Section 3 and Article 9, Part 9, Section 1||1971||The Legislature||Quality, Access||“The state and each person shall maintain and improve a clean and healthful environment in Montana for present and future generations. |
(2) The legislature shall provide for the administration and enforcement of this duty.
(3) The legislature shall provide adequate remedies for the protection of the environmental life support system from degradation and provide adequate remedies to prevent unreasonable depletion and degradation of natural resources.”
|MT Constitutional Green Amendment|
MT Constitutional Environmental Rights
|New Hampshire||Senate Bill 309||2018-07-10||Department of Environmental Services||Safety, PFAS, Quality||Regulates groundwater pollution caused by polluting emissions in the air and relative to standards for perfluorochemicals in drinking water, ambient groundwater, and surface water. Authorizes the Department to set maximum contaminant limits for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluoroctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS).||NH SB 309||"New PFAS limits face swift lawsuit from local water handlers 3M"|
|New Hampshire||HB 1264||2020-07-23 (Sections 12 and 14 took effect January 1, 2021|
Sections 9, 10, 11 and 13 took effect September 21, 2020;
remainder took effect July 23, 2020.)
|Department of Environmental Services||Safety, PFAS, Quality||Sets the maximum contaminant levels for certain perfluorochemicals in drinking water, establishes a PFAS fund and programs and makes an appropriation requiring insurance coverage for PFAS and PFC blood tests, and expands the statute governing ambient groundwater quality standards.||NH HB 1264||Merrimack Citizens for Clean Water, Testing for Pease|
|New Jersey||Water Quality Accountability Act||2017-07-21||New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) central role in its implementation, along with New Jersey Board of Public Utilities, New Jersey Office of Homeland Security and Preparedness, and the New Jersey Department of Community Affairs; water purveyors are those who are affected by the act.||Quality, Safety||Established requirements to improve safety, reliability, and administrative oversight of water infrastructure, such as routine maintenance of pumps, motors, and pipes by public water system managers.||NJ Water Quality Accountability Act||FAQs on WQAA|
|New Jersey||Safe Drinking Water Act Rules, N.J.A.C. 7:10, Private Well Testing Act Rules, N.J.A.C. 7:9E, Ground Water Quality Standards, N.J.A.C 7:9C,... N.J.A.C. 7:1E, MCLs, GWQS, and Related Requirements for PFOA and PFOS||2018-09-08 (Sections 1 and 2;|
remainder took effect 7/10/2018; rules implemented 6/1/2020.)
|New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Water Resources Management Division of Water Supply and Geoscience||Safety, Quality, PFAS||Set an MCL of 14 ppt for PFOA and 13 ppt for PFOS in drinking water. The MCLs apply to public community and public noncommunity water systems.||NJ PFAS Safe Drinking Water Rules||Eric Benson, New Jersey Campaign Director, Clean Water Action|
|New Jersey||Senate Bill 968/A2863||2021-05-11||public water systems, landlords implement, NJ Department of Community Affairs||Quality, Safety||Requires public water systems to provide notice of elevated lead levels in drinking water to customers and local officials; requires landlords to notify tenants of elevated lead levels.||NJ SB 968||Press release from NJ Governor|
|New Mexico||New Mexico Water Data Act (NMSA 1978, § 72-4B, HB 651)||2019-06-14||New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission (NM ISC), New Mexico Office of the State Engineer (NM OSE), New Mexico Environment Department (NMED), and the Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department (EMNRD), the New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources (NMBGMR)||Water Data Access, Data Transparency||The Water Data Act (NMSA 1978, § 72-4B) marks the first time in New Mexico’s history that a law has been enacted to identify and integrate key water data. In response to this 2019 legislation, the directing agencies including New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission (NM ISC), New Mexico Office of the State Engineer (NM OSE), New Mexico Environment Department (NMED), and the Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department (EMNRD), as convened by the New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources (NMBGMR), are working toward developing an integrated Water Data Service for New Mexico. Multiple working groups have been convened, working to ensure that the data and useful information about the data is findable, accessible, interoperable, and usable for those seeking water information for decision making related to water management and planning – the primary goal of the legislation. The initial data platform can be found at newmexicowaterdata.org as a first data inventory step for this multi-year project.||NM HB 651|
|New York||Senate Bill SB 8158||2016-09-06||Department of Health, State Department of Education||Safety, Quality||Requires school districts and boards of cooperative educational services to conduct periodic testing to monitor for lead contamination in certain school buildings; provides additional aid to such districts and boards for the costs incurred due to the testing of potable water sources and systems containing an unacceptable amount of lead.||NY SB 8158|
|New York||Volume A (Title 10) Part 5 Subpart 5-1 Public Water Systems; Maximum Contaminant Levels' Monitoring requirements' notification requirements||2020-08-26||Department of Health||Safety, PFAS||In 2020, the state adopted new drinking water standards addressing PFOA, PFOS, and 1,4 Dioxane, implementing maximum contamination levels of 10 ppb (1 ppb for Dioxane) and public water systems must monitor, report, and address contamination to reduce exposure.||NY Drinking Water Standards PFAS|
|North Carolina||General Statute 159G-70||2013||State Water Infrastructure Authority (within the Department of Environment and Natural Resources)||Infrastructure (funding, planning)||Created the State Water Infrastructure Authority to develop a state water infrastructure master plan and award funding for water and wastewater infrastructure projects.||NC State Water Infrastrcuture Authority|
|North Carolina||Current Operations and Capital Improvements Appropriations Act of 2015 (HB 97)||2015-09-18||Department of Environment and Natural Resources Division of Water Infrastructure for the Clean Water State Revolving Fund Wastewater Reserve and Drinking Water Reserve||Affordability, Infrastructure (regionalization, consolidation, funding)||Defined "affordability" in statute to prioritize communities basted on factors such as poverty rate, population change. Established merger/regionalization feasibility grants for consolidation of water or wastewater systems.||NC HB 97|
|North Carolina||North Carolina’s Statewide Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Master Plan: The Road to Viability||2017||State Water Infrastructure Authority||Infrastructure, Funding, Planning||SWIA created the plan for owners and operators of water and wastewater utilities and systems that serve the public, focused on organizational, infrastructure, and financial management.||NC Statewide Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Master Plan|
|North Carolina||House Bill 1087 Water/Wastewater Public Enterprise Reform||2020-07-01||State Water Infrastructure Authority||Infrastructure (funding), Safety, Access||Established "Viable Utility Reserve" to provide grants to struggling local governments to improve water system infrastructure. Created a process for merger and dissolution of water and wastewater systems.||NC HB 1087||Bill Holman, The Conservation Fund|
|Ohio||HB 512||2016-09-09||Ohio EPA||Safety, Lead, Quality||"Establishes sampling, corrosion control, and individual tap action levels, more stringent public notification deadlines, higher administrative enforcement penalties, requirements for identifying|
and mapping lead infrastructure in public water systems, and financial assistance for communities and schools with lead in drinking water concerns."
|OH HB 512||"New OH law increases protections from lead contamination in drinking water"|
|Ohio||Control of lead and copper - lead service line requirements (Ohio Administrative Code, Rule 3745-81-84)||2018-05-01||Ohio EPA||Safety, Lead||Updated state Lead and Copper Rule.||OH revised Lead and Copper Rule||Environmental Defense Fund report on state efforts to support LSL replacement in OH|
|Ohio||House Bill 166 (Creates FY 2020-2021 operating budget)||2019-07-18||Department of Agriculture, OH EPA||Infrastructure, Safety, Quality||H2Ohio was first funded by the Ohio General Assembly with an investment of $172 million in the 2020-2021 biennium.||OH HB 166|
|Ohio||H2Ohio Plan||2019 (November)||The Governor, Ohio Department of Agriculture, Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, the Lake Erie Commission||Infrastructure, Quality, Safety||H2Ohio: A data-driven water quality plan to reduce harmful algal blooms, improve wastewater infrastructure, and prevent lead contamination. ||H2Ohio Plan||Governor Mike DeWine||Information about H2Ohio|
|Oregon||Oregon's 100 Year Water Vision||2019 (Created)||Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board||Infrastructure, Safety, Access, Quality, Affordability||Oregon's 100 year water vision "goals reflect the needs we have for water, our principles guide how people can work together to achieve a secure, safe and resilient water future for all who live here."||OR 100 Year Water Vision||Oregon Environmental Council’s Oregon Water Futures Project||Oregon Water Vision website|
|Pennsylvania||Article 1 Section 27 of the Pennsylvania Constitution (Green Amendment)||1971||The Commonwealth||Quality, Access||The constitutional amendment states that, "people have a right to clean air, pure water, and to the preservation of the natural, scenic, historic and esthetic values of the environment."||PA Constitutional Green Amendment||Green Amendments for the Generations||For the Generations website|
|Vermont||SB 49 (Act 21, An act relating to the regulation of polyfluoroalkyl substances in drinking|
and surface waters
|2019-05-15||Agency of Natural Resources||Safety, PFAS, Quality||Sets maximum contaminant levels for PFAS in water to 20 ppb and requires landfills to treat leachate for PFAS.||VT SB 49||Senator Brian Campion, Vermont Natural Resources Council||Legislative summary of SB 49|
|Vermont||House Bill 955 (Act 139)||2020-07-06||Agency of Natural Resources||PFAS, Funding||$500,000.00 in FY 2021 for engineering and construction grants to improve public water systems to reimburse schools that operate public water systems with confirmed concentrations of PFAS exceeding 20 nanograms per liter and on a do-not-drink notice for their costs for providing bottled or bulk water||VT HB 955|
|Virginia||Water is a Human Right Resolution HJ 538||2021-02-24||The Commonwealth||Access, Affordability (focus on equity)||Establishes that access to clean, potable water in amounts that will ensure an acceptable standard of living is a necessary human right.||VA HJ 538||Food & Water Watch, Virginia Interfaith Power & Light||River Network State Policy Showcase on Human Right to Water
FWW press release on VA human right to water
|Virginia||HB 1257 (§ 32.1-169 of the Code of Virginia)||2020-04-10 (Adopted; effective start date 1/1/2022.)||Virginia Department of Health||Safety, PFAS, Quality||Directs the State Board of Health to adopt regulations establishing maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) in public drinking water systems for (i) perfluorooctanoic acid, perfluorooctane sulfonate, and for such other perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances as the Board deems necessary... requires such MCLs to be protective of public health, including the health of vulnerable subpopulations, and to be no higher than any MCL or health advisory adopted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for the same contaminant.||VA HB 1257||NCSL inventory of PFAS state laws|
|Washington||Senate Bill 6416||2002-06-13||Public Utility Districts||Affordability||Permits utility service rates to be reduced for low-income senior citizens and other low income citizens, and gives the authority of defining those groups by the governing body of the county, city, town, public utility district or other municipal corporation.||WA SB 6416||Information on WA's senior and low income utility rate discounts|
|Washington||Senate Bill 6413||2018-06-07||Department of Ecology||Safety, PFAS||This legislation does not apply directly to drinking water, but instead focuses on sources of PFAS, including firefighting foam and firefighting personal protection equipment. Starting in 2020, the manufacturing or sale of PFAS-based firefighting foams is prohibited in the state.||WA SB 6413||WA State Council of Fire Fighters, Toxic Free Future|
|Washington||Pollution Prevention for Healthy People and Puget Sound Act (SB 5135)||2019-07-28||Department of Ecology|
Department of Health
|Safety, PFAS||This legislation does not apply directly to drinking water, but instead creates a process for the Department of Ecology to identify chemicals of concern, as well as consumer products that contain chemicals of concern, to determine regulatory actions. The initial list includes PFAS.||WA SB 5135|
|Wisconsin||SB 48||2018-02-21||Public Service Commission||Safety, Infrastructure, Lead Service Lines||Clarifies the ability to financially assist and replace consumer-owned portions of lead service line replacement by water utilities.||WI SB 48|